24. September 2011

UN-Resolution 181. Die Antwort der Delegation der arabischen Staaten

Saudi-Arabien, der Irak, Syrien und der Jemen erklären in ihrer Antwort an die UN-Vollversammlung offen, sich nicht an die Resolution gebunden zu fühlen. Emir Feisal Al Saud, Sohn des saudischen Usurpators und Wahhabitenkönigs Abdul Aziz Al Saud "behält sich das Recht vor, frei zu handeln, in welcher von ihm für angemessen gehaltenen Art auch immer, im Einklang mit den Prinzipien von Recht und Gerechtigkeit". Mr. Jarnali, Irak, erklärt: "Der Irak erkennt die Gültigkeit dieser Entscheidung nicht an und behält sich die Freiheit der Entscheidung gegen ihre Durchsetzung vor." Emir Arslan von Syrien sagt: "Mein Land wird eine solche Entscheidung niemals anerkennen. Es wird niemals zustimmen, für sie verantwortlich zu sein. Mögen die Folgen über andere kommen, nicht über uns." Prinz Seif El Islam Abdullah von Jemen ergänzt: "Die jemenitische Delegation hat bereits früher erklärt, daß der Teilungsplan gegen die Gerechtigkeit und gegen die Charta der Vereinten Nationen verstößt. Deshalb zieht die Regierung des Jemen nicht in Betracht, sich an eine solche Entscheidung gebunden zu fühlen. Die Regierung des Jemen behält sich die Freiheit von Maßnahmen gegen die Durchsetzung dieser Entscheidung vor."

Die Antwort im Wortlaut:

The Response of The Arab States Delegation to U.N. Resolution 181

H.R.H. Amir Faisal al Saud (Saudi Arabia)

We came to the General Assembly filled with hope that both the large and small nations would direct their efforts towards the evaluation of moral standards. We came here filled with hope that all nations would unanimously respect and uphold human rights and justice, and that this Organisation would be an instrument for establishing international peace and security. At the same time, we had hoped that it would afford a sound basis for mutual understanding among all peoples. But alas! Today's resolution has dissipated our hopes.

We have pledged ourselves before God and history to fulfill the Charter in good faith, thereby respecting human rights and repelling aggression. However, today's resolution has destroyed the Charter and all the covenants preceding it.

We have felt, like many others, the pressure exerted on various representatives of this Organisation by some of the big Powers in order that the vote should be in favour of partition. For these reasons, the Government of Saudi Arabia registers, on this historic occasion, the fact that it does not consider itself bound by the resolution adopted today by the General Assembly. Furthermore, it reserves to itself the full right to act freely in whatever way it deems fit, in accordance with the principles of right and justice. My Government holds responsible those parties that hampered all means of co-operation and understanding.

Mr. Jarnali (Iraq)

In San Francisco we had high hopes for the world. Today, those hopes are shattered. We always thought that, after all, humanity was a bulwark of peace and a bulwark of justice. Today, that faith is destroyed. We did our best during the last few weeks to expound the spirit and the letter of the Charter and apply it to Palestine. The fact that we failed to win your support is not the result of a lack of good will on the part of the members of this Assembly. It was not due to a lack of understanding and appreciation on the part of most of you. On the contrary, we understand very well that it was great pressure and great influence that worked itself through UNSCOP, through the Ad Hoc Committee and through the General Assembly to direct the matter in a course which led to this conclusion.

We believe that the decision which we have now taken is a very serious one. It is one that undermines peace, justice and democracy. In the name of my Government, I wish to state that it feels that this decision is anti-democratic, illegal, impractical and contrary to the Charter. It contradicts the spirit and letter of the Charter. Therefore, in the name of my Government, I wish to put on record that Iraq does not recognise the validity of this decision, will reserve freedom of action towards its implementation, and holds those who were influential in passing it against the free conscience of mankind responsible for the consequences.

Amir Arslan (Syria)

Even before the Assembly took this decision, I think that most of the delegations had suspected a dictatorial attitude. It is useless to speak about it at length, but as it is customary to allow those condemned to death to speak freely to their executioners, we shall address ourselves to ours.

Gentlemen, the Charter is dead. But it did not die a natural death; it was murdered, and you all know who is guilty.

My country will never recognise such decision. It will never agree to be responsible for it. Let the consequences be on the heads of others, not on ours.

H.R.H. Prince Seif El Islam Abdullah (Yemen)

The Yemen delegation has stated previously that the partition plan is contrary to justice and to the Charter of the United Nations. Therefore, the Government of Yemen does not consider itself bound by such a decision for it is contrary to the letter and spirit of the Charter. The Government of Yemen will reserve its freedom of action towards the implementation of this decision.

United Nations General Assembly. The Response of The Arab States Delegation to UN Res. 181, A/RES/181(II) (A+B), 29 November 1947

Die Links wurden durch die Princeton University aus dem Internet entfernt. Der Text stammt von dort; er wurde am 2. Dezember 2006 von mir übernommen.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181
Adopted at the 128th plenary meeting

In favour: 33
Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Byelorussian S.S.R., Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, Liberia, Luxemburg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Sweden, Ukrainian S.S.R., Union of South Africa, U.S.A., U.S.S.R., Uruguay, Venezuela.

Against: 13
Afghanistan, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen.

Abstained: 10
Argentina, Chile, China, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Honduras, Mexico, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181, November 29, 1947. The Avalon Project
at Yale Law School

Siehe auch:

Die Welt ohne Zionismus. 16. Juli 2006 (Anmerkung 20)

Die Entstehung des arabischen Antisemitismus und die Vertreibung der Juden aus den arabischen Staaten. Das Flüchtlingsproblem einmal anders betrachtet. 11. Oktober 2003 (Anmerkung 45)

United Nations General Assembly. 125. Continuation of the discussion on the Palestinian question. A/PV. 126, 28 November 1947

Resolution 181 - The Partition Plan. By Eli E. Hertz. Myths and Facts

When Israel wasn't outmaneuvered at the UN. By Ofer Aderet, Haaretz, September 25, 2011